Macronutrients is a term used for the three nutrients that make up where calories come from — protein, fat and carbohydrates. These macronutrients create energy for our bodies. Alcohol also contributes to calories (7 calories per gram), but it adds no nutritional value to your body. Macronutrients are supported by micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). Both are equally important.
Where do calories come from?
Protein: 4 calories per gram
Carbohydrates: 4 calories per gram
Fat: 9 calories per gram
Some of the foods we eat combine multiple macronutrients, where as others are just one. Here are some examples:
meat, eggs/egg whites, tofu, greek yogurt, protein powder
fruit, vegetables, pasta, rice, bread, oats
oils, nuts, seeds, coconut, cheese
Some examples of foods that combine good portions of multiple macronutrients are:
- Types of meat (e.g. red meat): protein and fat
- Avocado: fat, protein and carbs
- Legumes: carbohydrates and protein
Understanding the right macronutrient balance for your body is more important than just counting calories. Macros narrow in on the composition of the calories you consume, and you can alter the balance of each one based on your health and fitness goals.
Curious about developing macros for your nutrition plan/diet? Contact us to learn more about tailoring the macronutrients for you and your goals!